Nursing Speciality

A Nursing Specialty for a Compassionate Nurse

In a nutshell, the job of a nurse is to care for patients. While it may sound simple, it isn’t so. While it is generally a nurse’s job to care for his or her patient with compassion, a nurse would do well if he or she engages in a nursing specialty. When it comes to medicine, the term ‘care’ is complex, since it means several things like follow physicians’ instructions, tend to the necessary procedures, and do clinical work for an injured or ill person.

Aside from the clinical caring, the nurse should also do well with sociological caring. While basically meaning that a nurse must also be compassionate, the nurse must ensure that the patient and the family cope with the patient’s medical condition’s complexities.

At times, the nurse’s job is not demanding. For example, a patient having a slight laceration in the forehead gets a tetanus shot and adhesive sutures, and then the patient goes out. The nurse would not have to worry about that since the patient’s injury is minor and is aware that patients with slight injuries will recover quickly from their injuries.

However, there are also times when a nurse’s job gets very demanding and he or she has to rise up to the situation wherein the nurse would also need to care for patients in a sociological capacity. Sometimes, a nurse would need to be compassionate when it comes to patients suffering from debilitating diseases – like cancer.

Sociological care, which can also be a nursing specialty, can be applicable to seriously ill children in dire situations, accompanied by their parents who are somewhat distraught when it comes to knowing where to turn to when things go bad.

Sometimes, providing sociological care can take a toll on the nurse. When the severely ill child and the parents are at a loss and are stressed, the nurse may step up to the challenge of allaying their fears. However, such a task may be taxing to the nurse, who may experience stress-related hypertension.

Up to the Challenge

Here’s what nurses who provide sociological care do. The parents, who are fearful about what happens next to their child who, merely a few days ago, was having fun and just playing without a care in the world. There appears suddenly a wrist lump or the child experiences a chronic headache, and the parents see their child’s life flashing by.

To allay the parents’ fears, the nurses – with their nursing specialty – are at the forefront and do what they can to deliver compassion and care to the family and the patient. Compassionate nurses are always by their patients’ bedside and worry about how to best care for their patients.

On top of it all, the medical side of care is important. It’s a nurse’s job to make sure the patient gets a scan at 7:30 in the morning and make sure the patient gets medicine at the right time. The nurse can help put all the medical procedure stuff together and the nurse also makes sure that all the technical matters are carried out.


Despite the nurse’s expertise in delivering medical care, the nurse should also be an expert in delivering compassion. This entails a nursing specialty that goes beyond the standard nursing care and deliver another dimension of care that considers the soul, mind, and body. Compassion is what makes the best nurses separate from those who are simply following their checklist.

The compassionate nurse goes beyond applying Band-Aids by instilling wisdom, passion, and hope to patients and their families. For parents, worrying creates a sort of negative energy. They need to shift that energy or else let their worrying get the best of them.

The compassionate nurse’s job is to provide families and patients with resources to help them beyond the hospital’s walls. A compassionate nurse can help worried parents to channel their worries into something constructive like fundraising for a worthy cause or connect with parents who have been thrust in the same situation as they have been.

The fellow parents can provide a sense of camaraderie and comfort that not even the compassionate nurse can provide. However, the nurse has done the marvelous job of connecting the parents with similar people.

Being compassionate is a form of communication that any nurse with a nursing specialty should cultivate. Being compassionate is also a way to help educate parents in their struggles as well. The nurse can help parents to seek excellent sources for viable treatment options. Moreover, it is a nurse’s job to keep parents on the right track and keep them strong for their sick child’s sake.

Labor and Delivery Nurse

Know how to Be a Labor and Delivery Nurse


If a person is interested in a profession that helps in welcoming and caring for a new life into the world, then one should think about becoming a Labor and Delivery Nurse (L&D). An L&D nurse career is a specialty field in nursing just like a pediatric career is a specialty field in the medical profession. An L&D nurse would be responsible for taking care of both the mother and baby before labor, during labor and immediately after giving birth.

Labor and Delivery Nurse

Education and Training

To become a Labor and Delivery Nurse, a person needs to pass the requirements for a Registered Nurse (RNs), or Certified Nurse Midwives (CNMs). An aspiring L&D nurse can either get an Associate’s or a Bachelor’s Degree in Nursing. Most programs require that a student pass a General Achievement Profile (GAP) before enrolling. It may take somewhere between two to four years to complete the degree. Some subjects to take would be nursing theory and practices, anatomy and physiology, maternity, nursing laws, paediatrics, illness and health; and also as set number of hours of practical clinical work.

If a registered nurse would like to further her or his career under the specialty, additional courses would need to be taken like labor and delivery, and neonatal and fetal monitoring. Additional hands-on experience in different areas like pediatrics, obstetrics, critical care units and surgery is also preferred. These can all help when taking and passing the licensure exam and furthering your career as a nurse.

In some cases, gaining knowledge and experience as an L&D nurse can help in pursuing additional career as perinatal educator.

Duties and Responsibilities

A Labor and Delivery Nurse must be a quick thinker, has good communication skills, has good judgement, is a good assessor, and is compassionate. She must be able to do the following:

  • Consult and coordinate with members of an expectant mother’s care team like the obstetrician and family members.
  • Provide support to the new mother before, during and even after delivering the baby. New mothers will have many questions and worries, and will need as much support as they can.
  • Monitor a mother while in labor. It should be noted that timing and measuring contractions is crucial to know when an expectant mother is ready to give birth. It is also important to monitor the mother’s vital signs and the baby’s FHR or fetal heart rate too.
  • Assist doctors in inducing labor.
  • Provide assistance with the procedures, whether normal deliveries or C-sections.
  • Identify and assist with any complications that may arise.
  • Help doctors in administering epidurals and performing necessary diagnostics exams.
  • Monitor both mother and baby after the procedure and inform mother on proper breastfeeding methods.
  • Provide education to mothers and their families after childbirth.

License and Registration

After completing the nursing program, the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) should be taken. This exam is designed to assess a prospective nurse’s knowledge and competency to work as a nurse. The license received would only be valid in the state you will be working in, whether in a birthing clinic, hospital labor and delivery unit, or general clinics.

In some hospitals and clinics, they require that an L&D Nurse have a certification prior to applying for a position. The National Certification Corporation (NCC) offers a specialty certification. The certification is available for areas such as maternal newborn monitoring, inpatient obstetric, neonatal nursing, basic life support, and neonatal intensive care.

Emergency Room Nurse

How to Become an Emergency Room Nurse


 A nurse who deals primarily with traumatic and sudden, grave injuries is called an emergency room nurse or simply emergency nurse. They are also called critical care nurses or trauma nurses. They work with other emergency medical personnel in treating patients whose lives are hanging in the balance.

Emergency nurses can be found in schools or universities, poison control centers, military tents, crisis centers, and even riding in EMS transports like ambulance, and helicopters and airplanes. Strictly speaking the emergency room (ER) nurses are mostly found in hospital ER departments. They are the first respondents after the EMS (emergency medical service) team brings in victims of crime, accidents, poisoning, heart attacks, overdoses and other immediate life threatening situations.

ER Nurse

Education and Training

It will take two to four years of college studying various nursing subjects to get a diploma. Some nursing subjects to be taken are healthcare, anatomy, nursing care, and infant care. Aside from having classroom knowledge, a nursing student will need to complete a set of supervised clinical hours to gain experience in different fields.

After getting an Associate’s Degree in Nursing or a Bachelor’s Degree in Nursing, a registered nurse can choose to enrol for a Master’s Degree in Nursing. Getting a diploma for advanced practice nursing can open more career opportunities like in nurse anaesthetics.

Duties, Skills, and Responsibilities of an Emergency Nurse

  • Has to have good observation skills from the moment a patient is brought into the facility.
  • Has to have good assessment and prioritization skills.
  • Knows how to stabilize a patient.
  • Emergency room nurses must be able to multi-task. Many things can happen to a patient in a short amount of time and an ER nurse should be able to move quickly in gathering relevant information, assessing the patient, and helping in providing proper treatment.
  • Be able to work in a fast-paced setting.
  • Must be patient, compassionate to the patients and their family.
  • Must be focused, calm and ethical in challenging situations.
  • Must be knowledgeable about diagnostic procedures
  • Must be knowledgeable and confident in performing medical procedures including:
    • First aid
    • Start intravenous (IV) lines
    • Blood transfusion
    • CPR
    • Intubation
    • Bag-valve-mask ventilation
    • Simple suturing
    • Delivering babies

License and Certification

An emergency room nurse must pass the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) first as a regular nurse to be able to specialize in emergency care. Once a nursing graduate passes the licensure exam, he/she can use it in the state that he or she will work in.

Nurses interested in specializing in emergency room care can get certification by taking the Certified Emergency Nurse exam as well as a Certified Pediatric Emergency Nurse (CPEN) exam that are offered by the Emergency Nurses Association (ENA). Taking the exams will validate the knowledge acquired in classroom setting and clinical experience while in school and working as a registered nurse. The exams will include different emergency room scenarios such as respiratory emergencies, pediatric care emergencies, neurological emergencies, gastrointestinal emergencies, and cardiovascular emergencies, wound management, drug abuse emergencies and advanced trauma care.

Pediatric Nurse

Are You Interested to Be a Pediatric Nurse?

One of the challenging but rewarding specialties in the nursing profession is to be a pediatric nurse. This specialized nursing job has a good working environment if you like to care for infants, children, as well as teenagers. You get a chance to care of, and watch over, a baby until he or she grows up to be a teenager. But caring for a pediatric patient does not always have to be in an intensive care hospital setting. Some pediatric nurses work in clinics. They work alongside pediatricians, pediatric surgeons, and pediatric specialists in providing care that help children grow up healthy.

Pediatric Nurse

Education and Training

An aspiring pediatric nurse will usually take two to four years of nursing courses in college. This will include basic nursing subjects, such as anatomy, healthcare, infant care, nutrition and nursing care. Besides having classroom knowledge, a nursing student will need to complete a set of supervised clinical hours.

After getting an Associate’s Degree in Nursing or a Bachelor’s Degree in Nursing, a registered nurse can enrol for a Master’s Degree in Nursing. Getting a diploma for advanced practice nursing can open more career possibilities such as a job in anesthetics.

What It Takes to Be a Pediatric Nurse

To practice pediatric nursing is no easy task. Unlike an adult patient that can and will understand what needs to be done and what comes after a treatment, a pediatric patient, especially below sixteen years old, will need supervision to know the ins and outs of the treatment. A pediatric nurse will need to be patient in educating the concerned family and older pediatric patients what tests and procedures have to be done to ensure proper treatment and recovery.

The nurse should have good communication to relate to both youngsters and adults alike. Knowing how to probe children about their health is a good skill to have in order to assess the level of discomfort the patient has. You have to be cheery, friendly and understanding. You also need to have genuine care for children and teenagers.

Duties and Responsibilities of a Pediatric Nurse

Pediatric nurses have a variety of responsibilities to patients. They educate, give preventative care, and assist doctors with tests needed for proper diagnosis. They are also responsible for the following: 

  • Work and coordinate with other pediatric professionals.
  • Obtain the vital signs and assessment of child’s illness.
  • Assess the level of nursing care needed for injured, disabled, ill children and teenagers.
  • Talk to parents about the different tests and vaccines important for the child’s health.
  • Educate parents on preventive measures to keep children healthy.
  • Administer the necessary medication prescribed by the doctor.
  • Administer I.V’s and vaccines needed for children and teenagers.
  • Know how to perform CPR, and to clean and dress wounds.

License and Certification

To assess the knowledge and competency to work as a registered nurse, one must pass the National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN). The license received after the exam will only be valid in the state the nurse chooses to work in.

Some employers prefer that their specialty nurses have been certified before hiring them. The American Nursing Credentialing Center (ANCC) offers certification services in various nursing fields including pediatrics. The certification for this specialty is voluntary. It is also best that a nurse has received certification for Basic Life Support.

Cardiac Nurse

Know How to Be a Cardiac Nurse in the US

You should think about becoming a cardiac nurse, also known as cardiac care nurse or cardiac rehabilitation nurse, if you are interested in a profession that deals with patients with heart conditions. Some of the medical conditions a cardiac care nurse faces on a daily basis are congestive heart failure (CHF), coronary artery disease (CAD), and myocardial infarction (MI). A cardiac care nurse also helps patients with post surgical rehabilitation after pacemaker implant surgery, and heart bypass.

Cardiac Nurse

Cardiac care nurses deal with patients of all ages, and work with a cardiologist or a cardiovascular surgeon.

Education and Training

One of the specialties of the nursing profession is cardiac nursing. To become a specialty nurse, you must complete a nursing degree to become a registered nurse. This usually takes two to four years of college to complete. This is required since all the necessary basic nursing subjects, such as anatomy and physiology and nursing care, will need to have been completed before pursuing a specialty career.

There are many colleges that you can enrol in. Along with theoretical knowledge, hours of supervised clinical practice will also need to be completed. After gaining years of experience as a cardiac nurse, a registered nurse can become an advanced practice cardiology nurse by obtaining a Master of Science in Nursing with cardiac nursing as the specialty.

Duties and Responsibilities

Cardiac care nursing is a specialized job for a nursing professional who is responsible for assisting, educating and treating patients who are suffering and recovering from medical heart conditions and other heart-related concerns.

They work in different settings such as coronary care units, operating units, and intensive care units in hospitals, ambulatory care centers and cardiac rehabilitation centers performing various tasks including:

  • They assess patient health for diagnosis.
  • They educate patients on the preventive measures needed, and provide some information on the procedures they will undergo.
  • Aid the doctors with tests needed for diagnosis.
  • Aid in treatment of conditions like cardiomyopathy, CHF, angina, CAD and cardiac dysrythmia.
  • Monitor the evaluations for stress tests performed.
  • Monitor electrocardiogram (ECG) readings.
  • Monitor vascular readings.
  • Monitor cardiac readings.
  • Monitor Lung Sounds.
  • Provide post operative care and rehabilitation after patient has undergone procedures such as bypass surgery or angioplasty.

License and Registration

The National Council Licensure Examination for Registered Nurses (NCLEX-RN) should be taken after completing the nursing course to assess the knowledge and competency to work as a registered nurse. It should be noted that the license received will only be valid in the state the nurse will be working in.

The certification for this specialty is voluntary. Certification for cardiac care nursing will validate the skills, knowledge and clinical experience gained after getting licensed to practice the profession. Two offices that can give the exam and board-certification to a prospective cardiac nurse is The American Board of Cardiovascular Medicine or the American Nurses Credentialing Center.

It is also best that a nurse has received certification for Basic Life Support and Advanced Cardiac Life Support that is directed for patients of all ages.